New post October Market Report : S.E. Asian Beef Industry

Site logo image Dr. Ross posted: " 107th Edition : October 2022.

Key Points

· &nbs" Southeast Asian Beef Market Report

October Market Report : S.E. Asian Beef Industry

e408dbce4dfb31df3c4f004507f56431?s=96&d=identicon&r=G Dr. Ross

Nov 13

107th Edition : October 2022.

Key Points

· Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) has now been confirmed in Central Java, jumping 1000 kilometres eastwards from its last confirmed location in Jambi, Central Sumatra.

· Vaccinations for Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) in Bali represent 10% of the national vaccination program.

Indonesia : Slaughter Steers AUD $5.31/kg live weight (Rp9,800 = $1AUD)

Slaughter cattle prices have remained steady during October at Rp52,000 per kg live weight as consumer demand continues to be weak. The AUD price above has risen as a result of the Aussie dollar weakening against the Rupiah.

Rates of up to Rp55,000 per kg are available but only for only those cattle with exception carcase yields.

Retail meat prices remain firm with Pasar Modern wet market in BSD maintaining Rp165,000 per kg for fresh knuckle while Super Indo was offering discounted knuckle for Rp159,500 per kg. In the photo below, Lotte Mart, another supermarket in BSD city was selling knuckle for Rp212,800 per kg.

Indian Buffalo Meat (IBM) prices at the local BSD supermarket remain the same as last month at Rp109,900 per kg.

Indonesians like their beef LEAN and that’s what they get.

During the peak of the emergency slaughter of FMD infected and suspect animals, volumes of beef in excess of daily demand were frozen by the authorities. Now that the mass infection and slaughter phase has been replaced by mass vaccination, some of this frozen beef is being released to the retail market. Some market observers suggest that these additional volumes are contributing to the sluggish demand for fresh beef.

This table from MLA shows local cattle live weight prices in Rupiah across Indonesia.

The national vaccination numbers continue to rise with the totals of the various animal categories listed below. These figures were taken from the government web site on the 31st of October.

National FMD vaccination data as at 31st October 2022.

Bali continues to lead the regions in the race to vaccinate their herds. The total cattle vaccination figure of close to 400,000 head is about 10% of the national figure. The total number of cattle in Bali is in some doubt but 400k should be the majority of the herd so second round vaccinations are probably already under way. Unfortunately, the statistics provided on the government web site don’t separate first and second vaccinations with only a total figure provided for each species. This high level of vaccine coverage certainly reduces the risk of transmission through tourists carrying the virus home by a significant margin. A full second round will hopefully push the risk of tourist transmission back to near pre-introduction levels.

Pig vaccinations in Bali represent 92% of all pigs vaccinated in Indonesia. This might represent one third or one half of all pigs in Bali so once again this good progress is an essential part of the FMD control program as infected pigs are potent multipliers of the virus.

Anyone can follow the progress of the vaccination program on the government website at reading these figures I expect the vaccine numbers are accurate while the data on FMD cases is definitely not. It is government policy that there are no more cases of FMD in Bali and a number of other regions. Government animal health services therefore do not report any new cases in order to comply with the policy. This is a policy for public/international perception and has no bearing on the facts. The aim in the case of Bali is to present Indonesia in the best possible light during the G20 meetings in Bali and deflect any suggestions that it is unwise for tourists to visit the island.

Bali vaccination data at the end of October 2022.

As the threat of FMD is slowly reducing, the situation regarding LSD is quickly becoming much more alarming. While the numbers on the map below are incorrect, the fact that LSD has been positively identified in Central Java is very real and very significant. In the last month, LSD has moved from its previous most easterly location of Jambi in Sumatra to the centre of Java, a distance of over 1,000 km. The distance from Semarang to Kupang in West Timor is only another 2,000km. While there are lots of theories about how the LSD virus jumped over southern Sumatra and West Java, the fact remains that it is now dramatically closer to Timor where it will be in a position to potentially threaten northern Australia. Note the map below showing Darwin and the northern Top End in the lower right-hand corner.

The numbers on this map are incorrect but the fact that LSD has arrived in Central Java is not. The name of Semarang, a major city in Central Java is partly hidden under the green dot.

See below a video of one of the animals infected with LSD in Semarang. I am advised that the video was taken in mid-October and that the disease has been confirmed by laboratory testing. The animal shown appears quite bright and has a good appetite. This suggests that it has fully recovered from the initial fever stage so infection may well have taken place in the first week of October if not earlier. There are some unconfirmed reports that it could have been in Central Java since August! The south-west monsoon is underway with rain almost every day in Bali. The associated monsoonal winds will assist insects to move from west to east so it may not be long before the insects carrying the virus arrive in Bali. Last week I received unconfirmed reports of LSD in Madura Island in East Java.


After a very long search I have finally located a photo of a young Bali bull with clinical LSD. Although it might not look seriously ill, its skin is certainly a mess and will need to be protected from further insect attack and secondary bacterial infection. The second photo of a similar young Bali bull was taken near my house in Bali this week. I won’t need my veterinary degree to know when this virus arrives in Bali and infects the local cattle.

Photo of a young Bali bull in Sumatra infected with LSD. Bali cattle are present all over Indonesia.

A similar Bali bull quite close to my house. I visit this group regularly to check in their health.

The Australian government has supported the LSD control program with the supply of 435,000 doses of LSD vaccine. 26,500 of these have been distributed to Central Java since the identification of these new cases. For reasons that remain unclear, the Indonesian government still require the feedlot industry to go through an extremely long and complicated bureaucratic process in order for them to be allowed to purchase their own vaccine, including LSD vaccine. This process only serves to increase the risk that imported animals will be exposed to LSD before the importers gain permission to purchase their own vaccine products.

Darwin feeder steer prices have shot up again as they usually do in the northern Australian wet season although the recent price of AUD$5.25 for feeders is still a little short of the record of $5.53 from March of this year. This will be a bitter pill for importers with the only sweetener being the weakness of the AUD$ against the Rupiah which certainly helps to take the edge of these extreme rates.

The religious festival of Ramadan will take place from 22nd of March to the 21st of April followed by the celebration of Lebaran on the 22nd of April. The week long Lebaran holiday is equivalent to the Christmas holiday period for Christians. The final week of Ramadan and the Lebaran holiday period is traditionally the annual peak period for consumption of beef (and other favoured food items). Australian feeders purchased in Darwin this week will contribute to supplies of beef for these festivals as the fattened cattle emerge from the feedlots after the roughly 1 month delivery time and the 4-5 month fattening period.

Darwin port dispatched 9 vessels to 3 Indonesian destination ports carrying a total of 31,011 feeders for the full month as importers make the most of the reduced AUD, full access to FMD vaccines to protect feeders on arrival and begin to stock up for Ramadan and Lebaran next March. During September 2022 1,100 feeder buffalo were exported from Darwin to Indonesia.

Vietnam : Slaughter Steers AUD $5.55 / kg (VND15,500 to $1AUD)

Slaughter cattle prices remained steady during October with the AUD figure above rising due to the weaker Aussie $. The indicator rate for October is still Dong 86,000 per kg live weight.

The Vietnamese livestock and meat industries have had a very tough time over the last few years. As pork is Vietnam’s most popular meat, their market was devastated by the introduction of African Swine Fever (ASF) in February 2019 and has still not fully recovered as there is no vaccine for this disease with new cases still being reported this month (see FAO map below). Then LSD hit in October 2020 causing substantial losses before vaccine could be imported and widely distributed. I am told that LSD is now largely under control throughout the county thanks to the widespread use of the effective live-virus vaccine. Also, just like the rest of the world, Vietnam was hammered by Covid 19 at the beginning of 2020 which resulted in severe restrictions to the activities of their population and economy generally as well as halting the majority of exports across the northern border into China. This included meat products among many others and as far as I am aware these restrictions are still strongly enforced. If all this wasn’t enough, the price of Australian slaughter cattle went through the roof towards the end of 2021 rising to the point where shipments from northern Australia slowed to a mere trickle. The single shipment of slaughter bulls from Brazil became a disaster with their BSE notification delivered mid-voyage resulting in a very extended and very expensive post arrival quarantine period. Vietnam has also reported a number of outbreaks of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N1. FMD is endemic in all of continental Southeast Asia including Vietnam but is generally well under control through regular vaccination programs.

Official government statistics indicate that the nation cattle herd is 6.4 million head, an increase of 3.4% on last year while national beef production was 348,900 tons an annual increase of 3.8%.

As Vietnam imports primarily fat cattle for slaughter shortly after arrival there is negligible opportunity for value adding which is a huge bonus in Indonesia. The result is that importers are trapped between a domestic retail market which refuses to pay more (Vietnamese consumers already pay the highest price for beef of any country in SE Asia) and an Australian cattle market that shows little sign of declining cattle prices. At the moment it seems to me that the only hope for importers is a major collapse in the AUD$ against the Vietnamese Dong. Considering the steady decline in the Chinese economy, this event could well become reality during 2023.

FAO ASF map updated on 13th of October 2022.

China : Slaughter Cattle AUD $7.95 / kg live weight (RMB 4.57 = 1AUD$)

Slaughter cattle prices have risen once again during October with close to a 10% increase in the average price to Yuan 36.35 per kg live weight which translates with a weaker AUD$ to only 5 cents short of $8 per kg. Fresh beef prices have also edged up a little during the month although supermarket beef, pork and chicken prices were largely unchanged.

Last month I reported on the MOU between China and Laos agreeing to cooperate with a project to export live cattle across the border from Laos to China where animals would be slaughtered at the Chinese abattoir located at Mohan only about 10 km from Boten.

The distance from the Lao border crossing town of Boten to the Mohan abattoir in China is less than 10 km.

At the moment, the agreement between China and Lao states that only cattle originating from Lao are eligible to cross the border without attracting heavy import duties. Even with no import duties, the current high price of Australian cattle appears to make this option unviable. For example, using an estimated AUD$4.50 per kg live for fat ox in Townville suggests a price landed at the port of Vinh, central Vietnam of about AUD$5.50 per kg. A wild guess of trucking these cattle, west through Vietnam, across the border then north through Laos to the quarantine station near Boten, about 900km, could be another AUD$50 cents per kg. Quarantine, health protocols, etc. etc. at the Boten border holding depot might be a further AUD50cents per kg for a very rough total of AUD$6.50 per kg live weight delivered to Mohan. The nearest large Chinese city to Mohan is Kunming which is about 500km by road. Prices in Shanghai and Beijing are only $7.95 so the potential margins appear uncomfortably thin.

Philippines : Slaughter Cattle AUD $3.41 / kg (Peso 37.5 to AUD$1)

No change in slaughter cattle rates during October but retail beef prices have edged up by almost 5% since September. ASF continues to cause serious disruption to the pig industry which produces the most popular meat product for Filipinos.

Thailand : Slaughter Steers AUD $4.13 / kg (Baht 24.2 to $1AUD)

No change in live cattle prices during October with the indicator rate remaining at THB100 per kg live weight. Feedlot demand continues to be weak although the attractiveness of cheap feeders from Myanmar means cross border imports are slowly rising as some feedlots take a risk with a modest increase in their inventories.

“Honest” John Catchlove.

Northern Australia seems to have more than its fair share of amazing characters. Honest John Catchlove, known to everyone as “Honest” is one of the most memorable I have met during my 43 years in the north. Honest is retired now but was primarily a first class outback truck driver carting cattle and a range of other freight all over northern Australia. He was also a remarkable entrepreneur, operating a Ladies dress shop and Café called “Honest John’s” for many years in the heart of the remote port town of Wyndham in the East Kimberley district of Western Australia. One of his most inspired sales campaigns was when he personally delivered large quantities of cold beer, burgers and other essential items to groups of very sweaty and very appreciative soldiers located in dusty fox-holes scattered all around the Wyndham district during a huge military war games exercise. Honest also managed the Wyndham live cattle export yards for many years. He always has a funny story to tell and invariably delivers it with one cocked, bushy eyebrow and a mischievous twinkle in his eye.

His home is a corrugated iron shed on the sun-baked salt flats about 500 metres from the Wyndham wharf, one of the hottest places on earth. I stayed there on many occasions when I was delivering health protocol services at the Wyndham export yards. I named it the “Port Hole”.

6 foot 4”Honest John Catchlove at his home, “The Port Hole” at the port of Wyndham, Western Australia. Photo from the Western Australian State Library. No windows or any other such unnecessary frills.

While Honest is not particular about his accommodation arrangements he most certainly is about his personal motor vehicle. In September 2020, myself and a fellow stockman disembarked from a cattle ship in the port of Wyndham and needed transport to Kununurra (about 110km) to complete our Covid 19 quarantine. Honest kindly drove us to our Kununurra hotel in his brand new V8 Mustang GT Fastback.

These figures are converted to AUD$ from their respective currencies which are changing every day so the actual prices here are corrupted slightly by constant foreign exchange fluctuations. The AUD$ figures presented below should be regarded as reliable trends rather than exact individual prices. Where possible the meat cut used for pricing in the wet and supermarket is Knuckle / Round.

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Rum Jungle Industry Update

Dear NTBIC Members,

The RJME update provided below by Central Agri for our AGM yesterday was very gratefully received.

Accordingly, I’m pleased to share it with you for your interest.

Kind regards,


Tom Dawkins

Executive Officer

NT Buffalo Industry Council Inc.

PO Box 36828

Winnellie NT 0821

Ph: 0476 685 324

ABN: 34 355 734 719

Department of Industry, Tourism and Trade Biosecurity Update – 9 November 2022


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Biosecurity update – 9 November 2022

A National LSD Action Plan, released on 13 October 2022, has been developed in partnership between the Australian government, state and territory governments, industry and other groups, which will support Australia’s cattle and buffalo industries and effectively manage the risk of LSD. This includes a trade preparedness strategy to mitigate potential market access losses.

The Australian Government committed $14 million in immediate funding to bolster Australia’s frontline defence and provided technical support for countries currently battling LSD and foot-and-mouth disease (FMD).

The package contained $9 million for frontline biosecurity and industry preparedness measures to protect Australia against the risks posed by FMD and LSD. This included:

· 18 new biosecurity officers in airports and mail centres

· targeted diagnostic and surveillance activities

· the establishment of a North Australian Coordination Network to bring together Northern Territory, Queensland and Western Australia governments in partnership with key industries and local communities to improve Australia’s surveillance and preparedness coordination in the north.

There will be a lead government coordinator employed by the Northern Territory Government and a lead industry coordinator employed by the NT Cattlemen’s Association.

The NT Government announced an immediate $2.9 million biosecurity boost, to prepare the Territory’s agribusiness industries to respond to increasing biosecurity threats which would have devastating consequences for our agricultural sector and regional economies.

The NT Government’s investment will deliver an important boost for industry training and preparedness programs, new biosecurity systems to link with national reporting systems, building plant biosecurity capacity to prepare for and manage incursions, emergency response planning and exercising.

The Australian Government has provided Indonesia with LSD vaccines, as well as technical support. To date, 435,000 LSD vaccine doses have been distributed to combat the outbreak in Sumatra.

Border requirements are in place for incoming air and sea passengers, imported cargo and mail items to ensure the biosecurity risks are managed at the border. Returning livestock vessels are also managed by biosecurity officers. Controls are reviewed when the level of risk changes.

The Australian Government provided $550,000 to Meat and Livestock Australia (MLA) for the Indonesia Biosecurity Support Project, which will enhance biosecurity capacity in Indonesia’s commercial feedlot sector to curb the spread of FMD and LSD.

A $10 million cooperation package is being delivered to assist Indonesia. This package includes $4.4 million for the purchase of both FMD and LSD vaccines; will provide biosecurity expertise and other technical assistance to the Ministry of Agriculture; and support development of a national livestock identification system for Indonesia.

In May 2022, an outbreak of FMD was reported in cattle in Indonesia. Cases were first detected in April, and in July 2022 the disease was reported in Bali. As of 25 October, the disease has been detected in 26 of Indonesia’s 37 provinces.

Due to the emergence and rapid spread of FMD in Indonesia, the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry has changed its risk profile and strengthened biosecurity requirements for imported goods, and incoming passengers and mail.

Australia is providing support to Indonesia to combat the FMD outbreak. This assistance includes supplying vaccines, providing technical expertise, and capacity building support.

Australia has provided one million doses of FMD vaccine to Indonesia and will donate a further 3 million in October 2022.

Find out more about biosecurity alerts in the Territory Biosecurity | NT.GOV.AU

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Department of Industry, Tourism and Trade Northern Territory Government

Biosecurity NT, Berrimah Farm, Darwin, Northern Territory

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Northern Territory Rural Review | November 2022

November 2022


Hello, my name is Caroline Pettit but most people will know me as Caz. I’m the Senior Rangeland Research Officer in Livestock Industry Development based in Darwin.

I started my career with the Department in Katherine as a Technical Officer straight out of university where I studied a Bachelor of Agricultural Science at Adelaide University…


Greater Darwin region
Katherine Region
Barkly region
Central Australia region
This email was sent by Communications, Department of Industry, Tourism and Trade, GPO Box 3000, DARWIN, Northern Territory 0801, media.DITT to adamgcbody



New post September Laporan Pasar : Industri Daging Sapi Asia Tenggara

Site logo image Dr. Ross posted: " Edisi ke 106 : September 2022.

Poin-poin utama

Program vaksinasi Penyakit Mulut dan Kuku di Indonesia (PMK) kini terhenti di banyak " Southeast Asian Beef Market Report

September Laporan Pasar : Industri Daging Sapi Asia Tenggara

e408dbce4dfb31df3c4f004507f56431?s=96&d=identicon&r=G Dr. Ross

Oct 14

Edisi ke 106 : September 2022.

Poin-poin utama

  • Program vaksinasi Penyakit Mulut dan Kuku di Indonesia (PMK) kini terhenti di banyak daerah karena keterbatasan ogistic dan dana operasional.
  • Risiko PMK ke Australia kini menurun karena Bali mendapatkan prioritas untuk pengiriman vaksin.

Indonesia : Sapi Potong Steers AUD $5.20/kg bobot hidup(Rp10.000 = AUD $1)

Volatilitas harga sapi potong tampaknya berkurang dengan meluasnya program vaksinasi PMK dan peningkatan langkah-langkah biosekuriti yang mengurangi jumlah pemotongan sapi darurat di daerah-daerah di mana penyakit itu sebelumnya tidak terkendali. Meskipun ada perbaikan dalam manajemen penyakit, permintaan konsumen akan daging sapi segar masih lemah. Tarif indikator untuk bulan ini sedikit saya turunkan menjadi Rp52.000 per kg bobot hidup dengan kisaran dari Rp51.000 di Lampung hingga tertinggi Rp55.000 per kg untuk sapi jantan terbaik di Jawa Barat. Sementara itu, lemahnya permintaan konsumen merupakan akibat dari berbagai faktor, kenaikan biaya makanan dan energi di Indonesia mungkin merupakan faktor yang paling utama. Selama minggu terakhir bulan ini, pemerintah menaikkan harga bensin dan gas untuk memasak. Peningkatan ini akan berdampak besar di semua rantai pasokan barang dan jasa yang mengarah ke harga yang lebih tinggi di masa depan.

Lihat di bawah ini, statistik PMK nasional dari situs web pemerintah pada 30 September. (

3,3 juta total vaksinasi yang telah diberikan adalah kabar yang sangat menggembirakan, tetapi masih ada perjalanan panjang untuk memberikan dua dosis pertama ke semua ternak yang rentan terpapar. Sebagai gambaran secara garis besar ada sekitar 14 juta sapi, 19 juta kambing, 18 juta domba, dan 9 juta babi di Indonesia. Mereka semua membutuhkan 2 suntikan dengan jarak 21 hari atau total 60 juta ekor x2 suntikan serta booster setelah 6 bulan yang menambah jumlah vaksin hingga sekitar 180 juta dosis vaksin yang diperlukan untuk memvaksinasi semua hewan yang rentan dan menghentikan perkembangan kasus PMK.

Data di bawah ini adalah data di pulau Bali pada tanggal 30 September. Jelas dari angka-angka ini bahwa program vaksinasi di Bali lebih diprioritaskan daripada di daerah lain.

Perhatikan rincian jenis-jenis ternak Bali di bawah ini yang menunjukkan awal yang baik untuk memulai vaksinasi pada babi mereka selama bulan September.

Klaim bahwa tidak ada kasus PMK baru di Bali hanyalah refleksi dari kebijakan pemerintah yang ingin menunjukkan kepada pengunjung internasional G20, serta wisatawan yang meningkat, bahwa PMK tidak menjadi masalah saat berkunjung ke Bali. Kasus di Bali memang ada, tetapi tidak dilaporkan. Yang juga tampak adalah penyakit yang cukup ringan pada sapi Bali (Bos Javanicus). Sapi jantan hanya mampu mencapai bobot melebihi 400kg bobot hidup dengan berat tertinggi jarang yang melebihi 450kg. Ketika terinfeksi, lesi pada mulut mereka tampak ringan, sedangkan berat badan mereka yang rendah, berarti bahwa jarang ada kuku yang terlepas, sehingga pemulihan cenderung lancar dan penyembelihan darurat jarang terjadi.

17 Penerbangan setiap hari dari Bali ke Australia pada pertengahan September. Dan perlahan terus meningkat.Saya menemukan kawanan kecil sapi Bali sekitar 20 ekor, tepat di seberang BBQ Aussie Brasil di Seminyak, sebuah restoran yang sangat populer untuk turis pecinta daging.

Seperti yang telah saya sebutkan bulan lalu, persediaan vaksin saat ini mengalir sangat cepat, bahkan jauh lebih cepat daripada kapasitas pemerintah untuk mengirimkan vaksin-vaksin ini kepada ternak. Hal ini menciptakan kesulitan baru dalam system, karena tidak ada dana yang memadai dan sumber daya lainnya untuk melanjutkan pengiriman vaksin dengan cepat untuk menghentikan penyebaran penyakit PMK. Pemberian vaksin merupakan peran pemerintah daerah, tetapi dana untuk mengoptimalkan proses pengiriman dosis vaksin belum disediakan oleh pemerintah pusat. Australia dan pemerintah lain serta LSM telah membantu dengan mendanai pasokan vaksin dan pelatihan tetapi sejumlah besar uang tunai yang dibutuhkan untuk tenaga kerja, logistik, dan bahan habis pakai seperti 10 juta jarum suntik, jarum suntik dan APD masih kurang. Dana tersebut hanya didapat dari anggaran pemerintah pusat tetapi harus dikelola dan dimanfaatkan oleh pemerintah daerah. Hal ini selalu menjadi dilema serius tentang pelaksanaan program pemerintah pusat ke seluruh wilayah Indonesia.

Masih belum ada konfirmasi ilmiah tentang sumber asli wabah PMK.

Daging Kerbau India (IBM).

Selama bulan September saya mengunjungi Johor Bahru di Malaysia untuk melihat harga IBM mereka. Produk pada foto di bawah ini dijual di Lotus Supermarket di mall KSL di pusat Johor Bahru. Harganya RM14.99 untuk 900 gram. Menggunakan nilai tukar $1 AUD menjadi RM 2.98, ini berarti AUD $5.59 per kg.

Harga IBM September di Jakarta adalah Rp 109.900. Dengan menggunakan kurs bulan ini Rp10.000 = $1 AUD, ini berarti AUD $10.99 per kg yang mendekati dua kali lipat harga di Malaysia.

Agen saya hanya dapat menemukan daging IBM yang tersedia melalui toko grosir online di Vietnam. Tampaknya bukan produk eceran yang umum dijual. Produk ini ditawarkan per lot, 20kg, dengan harga online Dong 119.000 per kg. Ini dikonversi ke AUD $7.58 menggunakan tingkat konversi Dong 15.700 = $1AUD

Indonesia telah mengimpor 70.000 ton daging IBM hingga saat ini. Mengingat volume impor yang sangat besar ini, mengapa konsumen Indonesia harus membayar dengan harga dua kali lipat untuk IBM, jika dibandingkan dengan Malaysia, dan 45% lebih tinggi daripada di Vietnam?

IBM beku di supermarket Lotte Mart, Jakarta Selatan.Paket IBM beku 900 gram di supermarket Lotus di Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Informasi mengenai Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) masih sangat terbatas. Ada laporan resmi terjadi dua kasus di Jawa Tengah pada bulan September, tetapi saya berharap berita ini palsu, karena cara bekerja penyakitnya bukan seperti itu. Ada 2 kemungkinan, tidak ada kasus atau bantak sekali kasus yang telah terjadi karena serangga, berada di luar kendali pemerintah dan industri. Pada akhir September, ada desas-desus tentang kasus baru yang diamati di Lampung di Sumatera Selatan, tetapi ini belum dikonfirmasi hingga minggu pertama bulan Oktober.

Mengingat bahwa musim hujan akan segera tiba, saya berharap bahwa kita akan mendapatkan konfirmasi kejelasan kasus ini dalam beberapa bulan ke depan di Lampung, dan kemudian bergerak ke timur melalui Jawa. LSD di Bali pada akhir musim hujan yang akan datang ini adalah kemungkinan yang nyata. Beberapa dosis vaksin telah diimpor, tetapi hampir tidak cukup jika penyebarannya cepat yang diprediksi dimulai dalam satu atau dua bulan ke depan.

Sapi bakalan Darwin harganya terus meningkat, pada akhir bulan September berada di sekitar $4.70, naik lebih dari 10% dari akhir bulan Agustus. Beruntung bagi importir, Dollar Aussie melemah sekitar 8% terhadap Rupiah.

Hanya 9.462 ekor yang meninggalkan Darwin menuju Indonesia selama bulan September, salah satu angka terendah untuk waktu yang sangat lama. Situasu yang sudah kelihatan membaik, hal ini terlihat dari 4 kapal yang loading untuk Indonesia pada minggu pertama bulan Oktober. Kapal-kapal ini akan mengekspor lebih banyak feeder dalam satu minggu dibandingkan bulan sebelumnya.

Laporan vaksinasi menunjukkan angka yang akurat untuk sapi impor di feedlot Indonesia dengan angka 96.000 ekor yang dikutip pada akhir bulan September.

Dengan harga yang tinggi dan permintaan eceran yang lemah, saya tidak berharap jumlah ekspor akan meningkat sebanyak yang saya perkirakan sebelumnya. Dari bulan Oktober dan seterusnya, harga sapi bakalan di luar Darwin biasanya terus naik 10% atau lebih, selama puncak musim hujan dan tetap pada tingkat yang tinggi hingga bulan April/Mei berikutnya, ketika kumpulan kawanan utara dimulai kembali.

Vietnam : Sapi Potong Steers AUD $5.48 / kg (VND 15.700 = AUD $1)

Harga sapi potong sedikit menurun bulan ini, ini merupakan penurunan harga pertama dalam kurun beberapa waktu terakhir. Tingkat indikator untuk bulan September adalah Dong 86.000 per kg bobot hidup. Harga AUD di atas telah meningkat karena Dong telah menguat secara signifikan terhadap Aussie. Sementara harga tinggi untuk sapi potong Australia menyebabkan lemahnya permintaan untuk ekspor hidup, ekonomi Vietnam secara umum menunjukkan pemulihan yang kuat dengan pertumbuhan PDB pada kuartal ke-3 sebesar 13,7%. Ekspor telah naik pesat sementara konsumsi pribadi juga meningkat. Selama 9 bulan pertama tahun ini, PDB Vietnam meningkat 8,83% YoY, tingkat pertumbuhan tertinggi sejak tahun 2011. Sejumlah besar industri memindahkan basis manufaktur mereka dari China ke Vietnam dimana kondisi bisnis jauh lebih menguntungkan.

Daging kerbau di Vietnam.Produk ini hanya tersedia secara online dalam lot 20kg dengan harga AUD $7.58 per kg.

Vietnam juga memiliki tradisi mengkonsumsi daging kerbau segar mereka sendiri dari ternak yang disembelih secara local, dan produk segar ini dijual dengan harga yang jauh lebih tinggi sekitar Dong 250.000 hingga Dong 320.000 per kg.

China : Sapi Potong AUD $7.66 / kg bobot hidup (RMB 4.70 = $1 AUD$)

Harga sapi potong meningkat tajam bulan ini di Shanghai (9%) dan Beijing (6,5%). Harga eceran untuk daging sapi, ayam, dan babi juga naik pesat di kedua lokasi ini selama bulan September.

Kondisi kekeringan parah di Tiongkok berlanjut hingga September dan Oktober. Hal ini tentu berdampak signifikan terhadap kenaikan harga pangan.

Pada akhir September, Laos dan China menandatangani MOU untuk bekerja sama untuk menghilangkan hambatan ekspor ternak hidup dari Laos ke China. Lihat artikel berita di bawah ini. Ini adalah proyek yang telah masuk dalam tahap perencanaan selama bertahun-tahun. Sampai sekitar 5 tahun yang lalu, beberapa sapi hidup dari Laos (dan lainnya dari Myanmar dan Thailand) diselundupkan melintasi perbatasan utara dekat Boten ke China. Formalisasi perdagangan telah direncanakan sejak Laos setuju untuk bekerja sama dengan China untuk memungkinkan jalur kereta api “Belt and Road” dibangun dari perbatasan Laos/China di Boten ke ibukota Laos, Vientiane. Ada proyek lebih lanjut yang direncanakan, yang melibatkan membawa sapi impor Australia yang mendarat di pantai Vietnam melalui darat, melalui Vietnam dan Laos, untuk menyelesaikan karantina mereka untuk dimasukkan ke China di dekat titik penyeberangan Boten di ujung utara. Saya tidak memiliki informasi terkini tentang status rute pasokan yang diusulkan ini, tetapi pada prinsipnya, ini tampak merupakan sarana potensial untuk mengimpor sapi potong Australia hidup ke China melalui Vietnam dan Laos.

Filipina : Sapi Potong AUD $3.28 / kg (Peso 39.0 = AUD $1)

Tidak ada perubahan harga sapi potong atau daging sapi eceran selama bulan September. Bahkan harga BBM tetap stabil di kisaran 72 peso per liter.

Daging Kerbau India dapat masuk ke Filipina, tetapi hanya dapat digunakan untuk bahan baku dan dilarang untuk dijual langsung dalam bentuk eceran.

Thailand : Sapi Potong Steers AUD $4.03 / kg (Baht 24.8 = AUD $1)

Tidak ada laporan pemotongan sapi bulan ini.

Daging Kerbau India Beku dapat masuk ke Thailand, tetapi hanya boleh digunakan untuk keperluan bahan baku dan tidak dapat dijual langsung ke konsumen di pasar eceran.

Saya mengunjungi pulau Phuket di Thailand selatan selama bulan September dan mengambil foto di bawah ini di supermarket lokal. Round/knuckle ini dijual seharga Baht 115 seberat 250 gram atau Baht 460 per kg, Baht 24,8 = AUD $1, dikonversi menjadi AUD $18.55 per kg.


Cukup tentang daging sapi. Bagaimana dengan demonstrasi tentang pengkondisian dan manajemen ternak. Rekan-rekan saya di Skotlandia menjalankan bisnis menembak burung pegar di peternakan sapi/domba/energi terbarukan milik mereka di dekat perbatasan Inggris. Foto-foto di bawah ini menunjukkan penjaga memberi makan burung-burung muda yang sedang tumbuh untuk musim perburuan pada waktu Natal. Ia memberi mereka makan setiap hari dengan meniup peluit, dan burung-burung datang untuk makan. Ketika burung-burung muda ditempatkan di semak-semak di perbukitan pada awalnya, mereka dikurung di kandang yang aman untuk melindungi mereka dari rubah dan pemangsa lainnya. Saat masa pertumbuhan, mereka dikeluarkan dari kandang dan diberi tanaman lobak untuk dimakan dan sebagai tempat persembunyian. Semua daging dari burung yang ditembak, dikonsumsi dan saya dapat memastikan bahwa itu dapat dimasak dengan berbagai cara dan benar-benar lezat.

Awalnya burung-burung itu dikurung di kompleks besar yang aman di daerah berhutan untuk melindungi mereka dari pemangsa.

Setiap kali penjaga memberi makan burung-burung, ia meniup peluit dan burung-burung memahami bahwa peluit itu berarti waktu makan malam dan mereka berlari mencari makan. Drum biru adalah stasiun makanan yang terus-menerus diisi ulang untuk mendorong pertumbuhan yang optimal. Tanaman berdaun di kedua sisi jalan adalah tanaman keras yang memberikan perlindungan yang sangat baik dari pemangsa.


Angka-angka pada tabel ini dikonversi ke AUD$ dari kurs masing-masing negara yang berubah setiap harinya, sehingga harga aktualnya sedikit berbeda oleh fluktuasi nilai tukar mata uang asing yang terus berubah. Harga dalam AUD$ yang disajikan di bawah ini hendaknya dilihat sebagai sebuah tren, bukannya harga persis masing-masingnya. Bila memungkinkan, daging potong yang digunakan untuk penentuan harga di pasar tradisional dan di supermarket adalah bagian knuckle/round atau yang biasa disebut daging kelapa.

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New post Báo cáo thị trường : Ngành công nghiệp bò thịt Đông Nam Á

Site logo image Dr. Ross posted: " Ấn bản số 106: Tháng 9 năm 2022.

Điểm tin chính:

Chương trình tiêm chủng Bệnh Lở mồm long móng (LMLM) của In-đô-nê-si-a hiện đang bị đình trệ ở nhiều khu vực do thiếu hậu cần và kinh phí hoạt động.

Nguy cơ LMLM ở Úc tiếp tục giảm do Bali đang đ" Southeast Asian Beef Market Report

Báo cáo thị trường : Ngành công nghiệp bò thịt Đông Nam Á

e408dbce4dfb31df3c4f004507f56431?s=96&d=identicon&r=G Dr. Ross

Oct 14

Ấn bản số 106: Tháng 9 năm 2022.

Điểm tin chính:

  • Chương trình tiêm chủng Bệnh Lở mồm long móng (LMLM) của In-đô-nê-si-a hiện đang bị đình trệ ở nhiều khu vực do thiếu hậu cần và kinh phí hoạt động.
  • Nguy cơ LMLM ở Úc tiếp tục giảm do Bali đang được ưu tiên tăng cường phủ rộng vắc xin.

Tại In-đô-nê-si-a: giá bò thiến trưởng thành ở mức $ 5,20 AUD / kg trọng lượng sống (Rp,000 = $ 1AUD)

Sự biến động về giá của bò trưởng thành dường như đang giảm khi chương trình tiêm phòng LMLM được mở rộng và các biện pháp an toàn sinh học tăng cường, giúp làm giảm số lượng gia súc giết mổ khẩn cấp ở những khu vực trước đây dịch bệnh không được kiểm soát. Mặc dù công tác quản lý dịch bệnh được cải thiện nhưng nhu cầu của người tiêu dùng đối với thịt bò tươi vẫn còn yếu. Tôi đã đặt giá chỉ báo cho tháng này xuống một chút xuống còn 52.000 Rp / kg trọng lượng sống, giao động từ Rp51k ở Lampung đến Rp55k / kg là cao nhất- đối với những con bò thiến có tỉ lệ thịt cao nhất ở Tây Java. Trong khi nhu cầu tiêu dùng thấp là kết quả của nhiều yếu tố, thì chi phí lương thực và năng lượng tăng ở In-đô-nê-si-a có lẽ là những yếu tố ảnh hưởng quan trọng nhất. Trong tuần cuối cùng của tháng, chính phủ liên bang đã tăng giá xăng và khí đốt. Sự gia tăng này sẽ có tác động lớn xuyên suốt tất cả các chuỗi cung ứng hàng hóa và dịch vụ dẫn đến giá thậm chí còn cao hơn trong tương lai.

Xem bên dưới thống kê số liệu dịch bệnh LMLM quốc gia từ trang web của chính phủ vào ngày 30 tháng 9. (

Tổng số 3,3 triệu liều vắc xin đã được tiêm chủng là một điều đáng khích lệ nhưng để có thể hoàn thành tiêm hai liều đầu tiên cho tất cả các đàn còn mắc bệnh thì còn là một quá trình dài hơi. Theo một ước tính rất sơ bộ, có khoảng 14 triệu con gia súc, 19 triệu con dê, 18 triệu con cừu và 9 triệu con lợn ở In-đô-nê-si-a. Tất cả đều cần tiêm 2 mũi cách nhau 21 ngày hoặc tổng cộng 60 triệu mũi đầu x 2 mũi cũng như tiêm nhắc lại 6 tháng, bổ sung khoảng 180 triệu liều vắc xin cần thiết để tiêm phòng đầy đủ cho tất cả các động vật dễ lây nhiễm và ngăn chặn sự tiến triển của bệnh LMLM.

Thống kê các loại gia súc khác nhau đã được tiêm chủng cho đến ngày 30 tháng 9.

Dữ liệu của Bali tính tới ngày 30 tháng 9. Những con số thống kê này chỉ ra rằng chương trình tiêm chủng ở Bali đang được ưu tiên hơn so với các nơi khác của đất nước.

Theo thống kê về tiêm phòng theo loại gia súc tại Bali có thể thấy rằng chương trình tiêm phòng cho lợn trong tháng 9 đang đạt tốc độ rất hiệu quả.

Những tuyên bố rằng không có ca bệnh mới nào ở Bali chỉ đơn giản là phản ánh chính sách của chính phủ muốn chứng minh với các du khách quốc tế G20 cũng như số lượng khách du lịch ngày càng tăng rằng bệnh LMLM không phải là vấn đề khi họ đến thăm Bali. Chắc chắn có những trường hợp nhiễm bệnh ở Bali nhưng chúng không được báo cáo. Đối với bò địa phương Bali giống (Bos javanicus) thì tình trạng nhiễm bệnh cũng tương đối nhẹ. Chỉ những con bò đực mới có khả năng vượt quá 400kg trọng lượng sống và trọng lượng tối ưu của chúng hiếm khi vượt quá 450kg. Khi bị nhiễm bệnh, các tổn thương ở miệng của chúng có vẻ nhẹ hơn khi trọng lượng cơ thể thấp. Điều này có nghĩa là chúng rất hiếm khi bị tách móng, nên có thể hoàn toàn được phục hồi và do đó ít có nhu cầu giết mổ khẩn cấp.

Mỗi ngày có 17 Các chuyến bay từ Bali đến Úc vào giữa tháng 9. Và con số này đang tăng dần lên.

Tôi bắt gặp một đàn gia súc nhỏ khoảng 20 con bò địa phương Bali này nằm ngay đối diện với quán Brazil Aussie BBQ ở Seminyak, một nhà hàng rất nổi tiếng dành cho những du khách yêu thích các món thịt.

Như đã đề cập vào tháng trước, tốc độ nguồn cung cấp vắc xin hiện đang nhanh hơn nhiều so với khả năng chính phủ thực hiện tiêm cho đàn gia súc. Điều này đã tạo ra sự tắc nghẽn mới trong hệ thống vì họ cần nguồn kinh phí và các nguồn lực khác cần thiết để thực hiện tiêm vắc-xin cho gia súc kịp thời để ngăn chặn dịch bệnh hiệu quả. Phân phối vắc xin là vai trò của chính quyền các khu vực nhưng kinh phí cho công việc này không được chính quyền trung ương hỗ trợ ở mức phù hợp. Úc và các chính phủ khác cũng như các tổ chức phi chính phủ đã hỗ trợ tài trợ cho việc cung cấp vắc xin và đào tạo. Tuy nhiên một lượng lớn tiền mặt cần thiết để chi trả cho nhân công, hậu cần và vật tư tiêu hao như 10 triệu ống tiêm, kim tiêm và PPE thì vẫn còn thiếu. Các chi phí này chỉ có thể được chi trả với ngân sách của chính phủ liên bang nhưng phải được quản lý và sử dụng bởi chính quyền khu vực. Đây luôn là một vấn đề nan giải nghiêm trọng đối với việc thực hiện các chương trình liên bang thuộc mọi loại hình trên khắp In-đô-nê-si-a.

Vẫn chưa có xác nhận khoa học về nguồn gốc của sự bùng phát dịch LMLM.

Thịt trâu đông lạnh Ấn Độ (IBM).

Trong tháng 9, tôi đến thăm Johor Bahru ở Malaysia, và tôi đã kiểm tra giá IBM tại đây. Sản phẩm trong bức ảnh dưới đây được bán trong Siêu thị Lotus ở trung tâm thương mại KSL ở trung tâm JB với mức giá là 14,99 Rm cho 900 gram. Với tỷ giá hối đoái là $ 1AUD tương đương 2,98 Ringgit Malaysia, thì giá của sản phẩm này là $ 5,59 Đô la ÚC/kg.

Giá tháng 9 cho IBM tại Jakarta là 109,900 Rp. Với tỷ giá hối đoái là $ 1AUD tương đương 10.000 Rp, thì giá của sản phẩm này là $ 10,99 Đô la ÚC/kg, gần gấp đôi giá ở Malaysia.

Đại lý của tôi chỉ có thể tìm thấy IBM thông qua các cửa hàng bán buôn trực tuyến tại Việt Nam. Nó dường như được nhà bán lẻ bán rất phổ biến. Sản phẩm được chào bán theo lô 20kg với giá trực tuyến là 119.000 đồng / kg. Số tiền này quy đổi thành AUD $ 7,58 theo tỷ giá chuyển đổi là 15.700 VND cho $ 1 Đô la Úc.

In-đô-nê-si-a đã nhập khẩu 70.000 tấn IBM trong năm dương lịch cho đến nay. Với khối lượng sản phẩm nhập khẩu khổng lồ này, tại sao người tiêu dùng In-đô-nê-si-a lại phải trả giá gấp đôi cho IBM so với giá tại Malaysia và 45% so với giá tại Việt Nam?

Thịt trâu Ấn độ đông lạnh tại siêu thị Lotte Mart, Jakarta.

Gói IBM đông lạnh nặng 900 gram tại siêu thị Lotus ở Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Có rất ít thông tin liên quan đến dịch bệnh Viêm Da Nổi Cục (LSD). Một báo cáo chính thức có về hai trường hợp nhiễm bệnh ở Trung Java vào tháng 9 nhưng tôi cho rằng những trường hợp này là dương tính giả vì dịch bệnh này không hoạt động theo cách đó. Kịch bản sẽ chỉ xoay quanh hoặc là không có trường hợp nhiễm bệnh nào hoặc có nhiều trường hợp vì côn trùng lây nhiễm nằm ngoài tầm kiểm soát của chính phủ và ngành công nghiệp. Vào cuối tháng 9, có tin đồn về các trường hợp nhiễm bệnh mới được quan sát thấy ở Lampung, Nam Sumatra nhưng những trường hợp này vẫn chưa được xác nhận tại thời điểm tuần đầu tiên của tháng 10. Do mùa gió mùa sắp bắt đầu, tôi hy vọng rằng chúng tôi sẽ nhận được xác nhận về sự lây nhiễm trong vài tháng tới ở Lampung và sau đó sẽ di chuyển về phía đông qua Java. Có khả năng dịch LSD sẽ lây lan tới Bali vào cuối đợt gió mùa sắp tới này. Một số vắc-xin đã được nhập khẩu nhưng sẽ không đủ nếu dự đoán lây lan nhanh chóng bắt đầu trong một hoặc hai tháng tới.

Giá bò choai Darwin đã tiếp tục tăng với giá vào cuối tháng 9 được đặt ở mức khoảng 4,70 đô la, tăng hơn 10% so với cuối tháng 8. May mắn thay cho các nhà nhập khẩu, đồng Đô la Úc $ đã suy yếu khoảng 8% so với đồng Rupiah.

Chỉ có 9.462 con bò rời Darwin đến In-đô-nê-si-a trong tháng 9, một con số thấp nhất trong một thời gian rất dài. Tình hình đang được cải thiện khi 4 tàu sẽ cập cảng In-đô-nê-si-a vào tuần đầu tiên của tháng 10. Trong thời gian một tuần, các tàu này sẽ xuất khẩu nhiều bò choai hơn tổng số xuất của cả tháng trước.

Các báo cáo tiêm phòng đã đưa ra một con số chính xác về gia súc nhập khẩu trong các trại chăn nuôi ở In-đô-nê-si-a với con số 96.000 con được báo cáo là đã được tiêm phòng vào cuối tháng 9.

Khi giá cao và nhu cầu bán lẻ yếu, tôi không kỳ vọng rằng số lượng xuất khẩu sẽ tăng nhiều như tôi đã dự đoán trước đó. Từ tháng 10 trở đi, giá bò choai ở Darwin thường tiếp tục tăng thêm 10% hoặc hơn trong thời gian cao điểm của mùa gió mùa và duy trì ở mức cao đó cho đến tháng 4 / tháng 5 tiếp theo khi hoạt động thu hoạch gia súc ở miền bắc bắt đầu trở lại.

Tại Việt Nam: giá bò trưởng thành ở mức $ 5,48 AUD / kg (VND15.700 đổi được $ 1AUD)

Giá bò trưởng thành đã giảm nhẹ trong tháng này, đây là đợt giảm đầu tiên trong một thời gian khá dài. Giá chỉ tiêu cho tháng 9 là 86.000 đồng / kg thịt hơi. Giá Đô la Úc ở trên đã tăng vì Đồng đã mạnh lên đáng kể so với đồng Úc. Trong khi giá bò trưởng thành của Úc tăng cao dẫn đến nhu cầu tiêu thụ thịt hơi xuất khẩu yếu, nền kinh tế Việt Nam nói chung đang cho thấy sự phục hồi mạnh mẽ với mức tăng trưởng GDP trong quý 3 là 13,7%. Xuất khẩu đang tăng mạnh trong khi tiêu dùng cá nhân cũng tăng lên. Trong 9 tháng đầu năm nay, GDP của Việt Nam tăng 8,83% so với cùng kỳ, mức tăng trưởng cao nhất kể từ năm 2011. Nhiều ngành công nghiệp đang chuyển cơ sở sản xuất ra khỏi Trung Quốc và sang Việt Nam nơi có điều kiện kinh doanh thuận lợi hơn nhiều.

Thịt trâu tại Việt Nam

Sản phẩm này chỉ được bán trực tuyến dưới dạng gói 20kg và bán với giá 7,58 AUD / kg.

Việt Nam cũng có truyền thống tiêu thụ thịt trâu tươi từ các lò mổ tại địa phương. Sản phẩm tươi sống này được bán với giá cao hơn nhiều, khoảng 250 đến 320.000 đồng / kg.

Tại Trung Quốc: Bò trưởng thành có giá $ 7,66 Đô la ÚC/ kg trọng lượng hơi (RMB 4,70 = 1AUD $)

Giá bò trưởng thành đã tăng mạnh trong tháng này ở cả Thượng Hải (9%) và Bắc Kinh (6,5%). Giá bán lẻ thịt bò, thịt gà và thịt lợn cũng tăng mạnh ở cả hai địa điểm này trong tháng 9.

Tình trạng hạn hán nghiêm trọng của Trung Quốc tiếp tục kéo dài đến tháng 9 và đến tháng 10. Điều này chắc chắn sẽ tác động đáng kể đến việc tăng giá lương thực.

Vào cuối tháng 9, Lào và Trung Quốc đã ký MOU để hợp tác và gỡ bỏ các rào cản đối với việc xuất khẩu gia súc sống từ Lào sang Trung Quốc (có thể tham khảo thêm thông tin từ các bài báo trích dẫn dưới đây). Dự án này nằm đã được lập kế hoạch từ nhiều năm nay. Từ năm năm trước trở lại, một số lượng gia súc sống của Lào (và những gia súc khác từ Myanmar và Thái Lan) đã được buôn lậu qua biên giới phía bắc gần Boten vào Trung Quốc. Việc chính thức hóa thương mại đã được lên kế hoạch kể từ khi Lào đồng ý hợp tác với Trung Quốc để cho phép xây dựng tuyến đường sắt “Vành đai và Con đường” từ biên giới Lào / Trung Quốc tại Boten đến thủ đô Viêng Chăn của Lào. Dựa trên tiền đề này, có một dự án tiếp theo đề xuất về việc đưa gia súc Úc nhập khẩu vào bờ biển Việt Nam, sau đó đi qua đường bộ của Việt Nam và Lào để hoàn tất việc kiểm dịch, sau đó nhập cảnh vào Trung Quốc gần điểm qua Boten ở cực bắc. Tôi không có bất kỳ thông tin về tiến độ của đề xuất này nhưng về nguyên tắc, nó sẽ mở ra tiềm năng nhập khẩu bò sống trưởng thành của Úc vào Trung Quốc thông qua Việt Nam và Lào.

Tại Philippines: Giá bò trưởng thành ở mức $ 3,28 AUD / kg (Peso 39,0 quy đổi được $ 1AUD)

Không có thay đổi về giá bò trưởng thành hoặc giá thịt bò bán lẻ trong tháng Chín. Ngay cả giá nhiên liệu vẫn ổn định ở mức khoảng 72 peso / lít.

Thịt Trâu Ấn Độ được nhập khẩu vào Philippines nhưng chỉ có thể được sử dụng để chế biến và bị cấm bán lẻ trực tiếp.

Tại Thái Lan: Giá bò thiến trưởng thành ở mức $ 4,03 AUD / kg (Baht 24,8 quy đổi được $ 1AUD)

Không có báo cáo về giá bò thiến trưởng thành tại Thái Lan trong tháng này.

Thịt trâu Ấn Độ đông lạnh được nhập khẩu vào Thái Lan nhưng chỉ được sử dụng cho mục đích sản xuất và không được bán trực tiếp cho người tiêu dùng trên thị trường bán lẻ.

Tôi đã đến thăm hòn đảo Phuket ở miền nam Thái Lan vào tháng 9 và chụp bức ảnh dưới đây tại một siêu thị địa phương. Thịt mông / bò đùi gọ này được bán với giá 115 Baht cho 250 gram, tương đương với gia 460 Baht / kg @ 24,8 Baht ~ $ 1AUD, quy đổi sang giá thành AUD $ 18,55/ kg.

Chia sẻ khác

Chúng ta tạm gác lại các thông tin về thịt bò. Bây giờ tôi sẽ chia sẻ với các bạn về một thực hành quản lý động vật khá thú vị. Một người bạn Scotland của tôi có một trang trại kinh doanh dịch vụ bắn gà lôi tại trang trại của anh ấy. Trang trại này nằm trên một ngọn đồi gần biên giới Anh và tại đây thì anh ấy nuôi cả bò, cừu và kinh doanh thêm cả năng lượng tái tạo. Những bức ảnh dưới đây cho thấy người quản lý đang cho những chú chim non ăn, vỗ béo chúng cho vụ bắn súng vào dịp Giáng sinh. Anh ta thổi còi khi cho chúng ăn mỗi ngày và và lũ chim lập tức đến và kiếm thức ăn. Ban đầu, khi những con chim non được thả trong bụi rậm trên đồi, chúng được nhốt trong những chiếc chuồng an toàn nhằm bảo vệ chúng khỏi cáo và những kẻ săn mồi khác. Khi chúng lớn lên, chúng được thả ra khỏi chuồng, kiếm ăn và ẩn náu trên các cánh đồng cải dầu. Tất cả thịt của những con chim bị bắn đều được tiêu thụ và tôi có thể khằng định rằng thịt của chúng có thể được nấu theo nhiều cách và rất ngon miệng.

Ban đầu những con chim được nhốt trong những khu đất rộng lớn an toàn trong những khu vực nhiều cây cối để bảo vệ chúng khỏi những kẻ săn mồi.

Mỗi khi người quản trò cho chim ăn, anh ta thổi còi và lũ chim sớm có phản xạ rằng tiếng còi có nghĩa là giờ ăn tối và chạy đi kiếm ăn. Các thùng màu xanh là các trạm cho ăn liên tục để thúc đẩy tăng trưởng tối ưu. Cây lá ở hai bên đường là cây cải dầu, là một nơi giúp chúng ẩn náu tuyệt vời khỏi những kẻ săn mồi.


Những con số này được quy đổi sang Đô la Úc (AUD) từ các loại tiền tệ tương ứng và luôn biến động hàng ngày. Do đó, giá thực tế ở đây có thể bị thay đổi đôi chút vì tỉ giá ngoại hối biến động liên tục. Gía bằng Đô la Úc dưới bảng này sẽ đáng tin cậy hơn so với giá từng ngoại tệ riêng lẻ. Phần thịt bò gọ và phần lạc mông được sử dụng để định giá trong siêu thị và trợ truyền thống, được trình bày dưới bảng sau.

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New post September Market Report : S.E. Asian Beef Industry

Site logo image Dr. Ross posted: " 106th Edition : September 2022.

Key Points

· &n" Southeast Asian Beef Market Report

September Market Report : S.E. Asian Beef Industry

e408dbce4dfb31df3c4f004507f56431?s=96&d=identicon&r=G Dr. Ross

Oct 14

106th Edition : September 2022.

Key Points

· Indonesian Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) vaccination program now stalling in many areas due to shortage of logistics and operational funding.

· FMD risk to Australia continues to recede as Bali is getting priority for vaccine delivery.

Indonesia : Slaughter Steers AUD $5.20/kg live weight (Rp10,000 = $1AUD)

Slaughter cattle price volatility appears to be reducing with the expanding FMD vaccination program and elevated biosecurity measures reducing the numbers of emergency slaughter cattle in areas where the disease was previously out of control. Despite this improvement in disease management, consumer demand for fresh beef is weak. I have set the indicator rate for this month down a little to Rp52,000 per kg live weight with a range from Rp51k in Lampung to as high as Rp55k per kg for the very best yielding steers in West Java. While soft consumer demand is the result of a wide range of factors, the rising cost of both food and energy in Indonesia are probably the most important factors. During the last week of the month the federal government increased the price of both petrol and cooking gas. These increases will have a major impact throughout all goods and services supply chains leading to even higher prices in the future.

See below the national FMD statistics from the government’s web site as at the 30th of September. (

3.3 million total vaccinations delivered is encouraging but there is a very long way to go to deliver the first two doses to all susceptible stock. As a very rough estimate there are about 14 million cattle, 19 million goats, 18 million sheep and 9 million pigs in Indonesia. They all need 2 injections 21 days apart or a total of 60 million head x 2 shots as well as a 6 month booster which adds up to about 180 million doses of vaccine required to fully vaccinate the all susceptible animals and have any chance of bringing the progress of FMD under control. For the moment the idea of eradication is not even a consideration.

The table below shows the different classes of stock vaccinated 30th September.

The data below is for Bali at the 30th of September. It is clear from these figures that the vaccination program in Bali is being prioritised over the rest of the country.

Note the Bali species breakdown below showing a strong start to vaccinating their pigs during September.

Claims that there are no new cases in Bali are simply a reflection of government policy that wishes to demonstrate to the G20 international visitors as well as the rising numbers of tourists that FMD is not a problem when visiting Bali. There certainly are cases in Bali but they are not being reported. What also appears to be the case is that the disease is quite mild in Bali cattle (Bos javanicus). Only bulls are capable of exceeding 400kg live weight and their top weight rarely exceeds 450kg. When infected, their mouth lesions appear to be mild while their low body weight means that separation of the claws is rare so recovery tends to be uneventful and the need for emergency slaughter is uncommon.

17 Flights daily from Bali to Australia mid-September. And slowly increasing.

I found this small herd of about 20 Bali cattle directly opposite the Brazilian Aussie BBQ in Seminyak, a very popular restaurant for meat loving tourists.

As mentioned last month, vaccine supplies are now flowing at a rate which is much faster than the capacity of the government to delivery these vaccines into stock. This has created a new blockage in the system as there is inadequate funding and other resources to continue the vaccine delivery at a speed that will halt the spread of disease. Vaccine delivery is the role of regional governments but the funding for this process has not been provided by the central government at a level to allow an optimal delivery rate. Australia and other governments and NGO’s have assisted with funding vaccine supplies and training but the large sums of cash required for labour, logistics and consumables such as 10s of millions of syringes, needles and PPE is lacking. These funds can only come from the federal government budget but must be managed and utilized by the regional governments. This has always been a serious dilemma with delivery of federal programs of all types across Indonesia.

Still no scientific confirmation of the original source of the FMD outbreak.

Indian Buffalo Meat (IBM).

During September I visited Johor Bahru in Malaysia where I checked the prices of their IBM. The product in the photograph below was for sale in the Lotus Supermarket in the KSL mall in central JB. The price was Rm14.99 for 900 grams. Using an exchange rate of $1AUD to 2.98 Malaysian Ringgit this translates to AUD$5.59 per kg.

The September price for IBM in Jakarta was Rp 109,900. Using this month’s exchange rate of Rp10,000 to $1 AUD this translates to AUD$10.99 per kg which is close to double the price in Malaysia.

My agent was only able to find IBM available through online wholesale outlets in Vietnam. It does not appear to be a commonly sold retail product. The product is offered as 20kg lots with the online price of Dong 119,000 per kg. This converts to AUD$7.58 using the Dong conversion rate of 15,700 to $1AUD

Indonesia has imported 70,000 tons of IBM during calendar year to date. Given these huge volumes of imported product why do Indonesian consumers have to pay double the price for IBM when compared to Malaysia and 45% higher than in Vietnam?

Frozen IBM in Lotte Mart supermarket, South Jakarta.

900 gram Frozen IBM pack at the Lotus supermarket in Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Information regarding Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) continues to be extremely limited. There is an official report of two cases in Central Java in September but I expect these will be false positives as the disease just doesn’t work that way. There are either no cases or lots of them as insects are beyond the control of the government and industry. The problem is that LSD has such a low priority compared to FMD that very few resources are being directed towards accurately monitoring its real progress so official reporting is likely to be extremely unreliable. At the end of September there were rumours of new cases observed in Lampung in Southern Sumatra but these have not been officially confirmed as of the first week of October. Given that the monsoon season is about to begin, I expect that we will get confirmation of cases in the next few months in Lampung and then moving eastwards through Java. LSD in Bali by the end of this coming monsoon is a real possibility. Some vaccine has been imported but not nearly enough if the predicted rapid spread begins in the next month or two.

Darwin feeder steer prices have continued to rise with the rate at the end of September set at around $4.70 more than 10% up from the end of August. Fortunately for importers, the Aussie $ has weakened by around 8% against the Rupiah.

Only 9,462 head left Darwin for Indonesia during September, one of the lowest figures for a very long time. Things are already looking up with 4 ships loading for Indonesia in the first week of October. These vessels will export more feeders in one week than in the previous month.

Vaccination reports have provided an accurate figure for imported cattle in feedlots in Indonesia with a figure of 96,000 head quoted as vaccinated in late September.

With high prices and weak retail demand I do not expect that export numbers will increase as much as I had earlier predicted. From October onwards, feeder cattle prices ex Darwin usually continue to rise by a further 10% or more during the peak of the monsoon season and stay at that high level until the following April/May when northern mustering starts once again.

Vietnam : Slaughter Steers AUD $5.48 / kg (VND15,700 to $1AUD)

Slaughter cattle prices have declined slightly this month, the first downwards movement in quite some time. The indicator rate for September is Dong 86,000 per kg live weight. The AUD price above has increased because the Dong has strengthened considerably against the Aussie. While high prices for Aussie slaughter cattle are leading to weak demand for live exports the general Vietnamese economy is showing a strong recovery with GDP growth in the 3rd quarter of 13.7%. Exports have been growing strongly while personal consumption has also been increasing. For the first 9 months of this year, Vietnams GDP increased 8.83% year on year, the highest growth rate since 2011. Large numbers of industries are moving their manufacturing base out of China and into Vietnam where conditions for business are much more favourable.

Buffalo beef in Vietnam.

This product is only available online in 20kg lots @ AUD$7.58 per kg.

Vietnam also has a tradition of consuming their own fresh buffalo meat from locally slaughtered stock with this fresh product selling for much higher rates at around Dong 250 to 320,000 per kg.

China : Slaughter Cattle AUD $7.66 / kg live weight (RMB 4.70 = 1AUD$)

Slaughter cattle prices have risen sharply this month in both Shanghai (9%) and Beijing (6.5%). Retail prices for beef, chicken and pork also rose strongly in both locations during September.

China’s severe drought conditions continued through September and into October. This is no doubt having a significant impact on rising food prices.

In late September Laos and China signed an MOU to cooperate and remove barriers to the export of live cattle from Laos to China. See news article below. This is a project that has been in the planning stages for many years. Up until about 5 years ago, some Lao live cattle (and others from Myanmar and Thailand) were smuggled across the northern border near Boten into China. The formalisation of the trade has been planned since Lao agreed to cooperate with China to allow the “Belt and Road” railway line to be constructed from the Lao/China border crossing at Boten to the Lao capital of Vientiane. There are further projects that are planned which involve bringing imported Australian cattle landed on the coast of Vietnam overland through Vietnam and Laos to complete their quarantine for entry to China near the Boten crossing point in the far north. I don’t have any current information of the status of this proposed supply route but in principle it appears to be a potential means of importing live Australian slaughter cattle into China via Vietnam and Laos.

Philippines : Slaughter Cattle AUD $3.28 / kg (Peso 39.0 to AUD$1)

No change in slaughter cattle or retail beef prices during September. Even the price of fuel has remained steady at about 72 peso per litre.

Indian Buffalo Meat is imported into the Philippines but can only be used for manufacturing and is prohibited for direct retail sale.

Thailand : Slaughter Steers AUD $4.03 / kg (Baht 24.8 to $1AUD)

No significant change in the price for slaughter cattle this month.

Frozen Indian Buffalo Meat is imported into Thailand but must only be used for manufacturing purposes and cannot be sold direct to consumers in the retail market.

I visited Phuket island in southern Thailand during September and took the photo below at a local supermarket. This round/knuckle was selling for 115 Baht for 250 grams or Baht 460 per kg @ 24.8 Baht to $1AUD converts to AUD$18.55 per kg.


Enough about beef. How about this demonstration of animal conditioning and management. My Scottish mates run a pheasant shooting business on their cattle/sheep/renewable energy hill farm near the English border. The photos below show the game keeper feeding young birds which are being grown up for the shooting season at Christmas time. He feeds them each day and blows a whistle and the birds come for the food. When the young birds are put out in the bush on the hills initially, they are held in secure pens to protect them from the foxes and other predators. As they grow, they are let out of their pens and provided with the leafy rape crops to feed and hide in. All the meat from shot birds is consumed and I can confirm that it can be cooked in many ways and is absolutely delicious.

Initially the birds are held in large secure compounds in wooded areas to protect them from predators.

Each time the game keeper feeds the birds he blows a whistle and the birds soon learn that the whistle means dinner time and come running for a feed. The blue drums are feeding stations which are constantly topped up to promote optimal growth. The leafy crop on either side of the track is rape which provides excellent cover from predators.


These figures are converted to AUD$ from their respective currencies which are changing every day so the actual prices here are corrupted slightly by constant foreign exchange fluctuations. The AUD$ figures presented below should be regarded as reliable trends rather than exact individual prices. Where possible the meat cut used for pricing in the wet and supermarket is Knuckle / Round.

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Buffalo export numbers

Good morning,

A total of 1440 buffalo shipped from Darwin in September, pushing year-to-date volumes to 8275 of which two-thirds have been feeders to Indonesia. Annual totals for 2020 and 2021 both nudged 11,000 head, which seems again within reach with three months remaining for 2022.

Cattle export numbers from Darwin and other northern ports for 2022 are a long way behind historic averages, making the strong live buffalo numbers particularly encouraging.

DAFF’s update livestock export figures are available here:

Kind regards,


Tom Dawkins

Executive Officer

NT Buffalo Industry Council Inc.

PO Box 36828

Winnellie NT 0821

Ph: 0476 685 324

ABN: 34 355 734 719

New post Agustus Laporan Pasar : Industri Daging Sapi Asia Tenggara

Site logo image Dr. Ross posted: " Edisi ke-105 : Agustus 2022.

Poin-poin Utama

Program vaksinasi Penyakit Mulut dan Kuku Indonesia akhirnya bergerak cepat.

Risiko PMK ma" Southeast Asian Beef Market Report

Agustus Laporan Pasar : Industri Daging Sapi Asia Tenggara

e408dbce4dfb31df3c4f004507f56431?s=96&d=identicon&r=G Dr. Ross

Sep 12

Edisi ke-105 : Agustus 2022.

Poin-poin Utama

  • Program vaksinasi Penyakit Mulut dan Kuku Indonesia akhirnya bergerak cepat.
  • Risiko PMK masuk ke Australia menurun karena kombinasi peningkatan cakupan vaksin dan peningkatan biosekuriti di pintu masuk Australia.

Indonesia : Sapi Potong Steers AUD $5.15/kg bobot hidup (Rp 10.300 = AUD $1)

Harga Sapi Potong terus berfluktuasi tajam di seluruh wilayah Indonesia, tetapi sapi Brahman cross ex-feedlot yang sehat masih dijual di pasar Jawa Barat dengan harga yang sama dengan bulan lalu dengan rata-rata sekitar Rp 53.000 per kg bobot hidup. Potongan harga yang besar diberikan untuk sapi yang telah terinfeksi untuk disembelih secara darurat, sementara karkas terbaik dari sapi yang sehat masih dapat menarik premi yang besar.

Berita utama pada akhir Agustus adalah bahwa program vaksinasi PMK nasional akhirnya benar-benar bergerak cepat dengan total resmi 2 juta ekor sapi telah divaksinasi pada 1 September 2022. Berita penting untuk Australia adalah bahwa 189.000 ekor ternak telah divaksinasi di Bali dimana risiko penularan ke Australia adalah yang tertinggi karena jumlah wisatawan Australia yang sangat besar mengunjungi pulau itu. Jika kawanan sapi nasional disebutkan 12 juta ekor ternak dengan 2 juta dosis, berarti 16,6% dari kawanan ternak tersebut telah divaksinasi. 189.000 vaksinasi di Bali dari katakanlah 600.000 ternak, maka menunjukkan bahwa 31,5% ternak telah divaksinasi (hanya 30.000 dosis yang diberikan pada akhir Juli). Dan Bali baru memulai vaksinasi 2 bulan setelah daerah lain. Persentase ini hanyalah panduan yang sangat kasar karena banyak sapi telah diberi dua kali vaksinasi. Lihat foto di bawah ini sapi Bali di pinggir Jalan Petitenget, salah satu jalan wisata paling populer di Seminyak, Bali dengan dua pita merah diikat di tali kepalanya yang menandakan telah dilakukan dua kali vaksinasi PMK.

Dua pita merah di ikat di kepala sapi yang berarti telah dilakukan dua kali vaksinasi PMK.Kejadian ekstrim di Bali dibandingkan dengan tempat lain, didorong oleh dua faktor tersendiri. Pertama, PMK di Bali menyebabkan beberapa pendapat bahwa pariwisata dari Australia harus diblokir, jadi pemerintah baik secara nasional maupun lokal memutuskan untuk memprioritaskan tindakan pengendalian virus PMK di Bali untuk mencegah terjadinya pemblokiran pariwisaata Australia untuk menjaga pendapatan yang sangat berpotensi yang dimiliki Bali. Pariwisata Bali mewakili bangsa Indonesia, terutama setelah masa pemulihan dari periode bencana nol pariwisata internasional selama puncak pandemi Covid 19. Selain itu, Indonesia menjadi tuan rumah Puncak Pertemuan G20 di Bali pada bulan November tahun ini dan jelas ingin mengklaim bahwa PMK terkendali dengan baik selama acara internasional besar-besaran ini yang juga akan menampilkan Bali sebagai salah satu negara tujuan wisata internasional utama dunia. Yang benar adanya.

Sekitar 100.000 dosis vaksin PMK telah dikirimkan untuk sapi di daerah dalam lingkaran merah yang mewakili kawasan utama wisatawan Australia di Bali. Dan banyak lagi yang akan segera datang.Impor dan distribusi vaksin PMK dikendalikan sepenuhnya dan hingga saat ini didanai sepenuhnya oleh pemerintah pusat. 3 juta dosis asli yang diimpor pada bulan Juni kini telah didistribusikan secara luas. Satu juta dosis lagi yang disumbangkan oleh Australia telah tiba dan sedang dalam proses distribusi. 456.000 dosis yang dibeli secara pribadi dan diimpor oleh importir sapi hidup juga telah tiba dan telah didistribusikan. Dan diberitakan oleh Bisnis pada akhir Agustus lalu, Departemen Pertanian telah memesan tambahan 14 juta dosis vaksin untuk gelombang kedua program vaksinasi ternak. Persediaan feedlot biasanya berkisar 100.000 ekor sehingga tingkat impor vaksin ini akan memberikan kepercayaan kepada importir bahwa semua sapi feeder Australia yang mereka terima dapat segera dilindungi dengan vaksin pada saat kedatangan. Biosekuriti yang ketat akan tetap menjadi hal penting, tetapi tingkat perlindungan setelah 2 dosis vaksin selama 3 minggu berselang memberikan kepercayaan sangat tinggi dan cukup besar kepada importir untuk meningkatkan tingkat impor, setelah tingkat impor yang sangat rendah dalam beberapa bulan terakhir.

Untuk menambah kabar positif ini, tambahan vaksin Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) juga telah didatangkan oleh pemerintah maupun oleh asosiasi importir sapi. 102.000 dosis vaksin LSD yang dibeli secara pribadi oleh importir sapi kini telah didistribusikan ke feedlot yang juga akan memberikan perlindungan yang kuat bagi sapi feeder yang diimpor.

Dari perspektif Australia, ini semua adalah berita bagus. Pertama, risiko penularan dari Indonesia telah menurun dengan berkembang pesatnya program vaksinasi di Bali dan di tempat lain dikombinasikan dengan peningkatan yang signifikan terhadap langkah-langkah biosekuriti bagi wisatawan Indonesia yang kembali ke Australia. Kedua, produsen, eksportir, dan importir sapi dapat lebih yakin bahwa sapi impor akan terlindungi dari infeksi virus PMK dan LSD setelah tiba di feedlot Jawa dan Sumatra.

Masalah PMK/LSD lainnya :-

  • Sementara uang Pemerintah Federal tampaknya mengalir untuk mendukung program pasokan vaksin, banyak Pemerintah Daerah tetap kekurangan dana untuk memasok tenaga kerja, logistik, dan barang habis pakai seperti jarum suntik sekali pakai, jarum suntik, dan APD, semuanya penting untuk program pengiriman vaksin yang efektif untuk kedua negara ini. Penyakit yang sangat menular bahkan dengan dana yang memadai, tidak ada cukup vaksinator terlatih yang tersedia untuk melakukan pekerjaan itu sehingga polisi, tentara, dan mahasiswa kedokteran hewan diminta untuk membantu. Palang Merah dan LSM lain juga mendukung tanggapan tersebut. Tampaknya Bali tidak mengalami kendala ini.
  • Kontrol pergerakan yang diperlukan untuk mencegah penyebaran PMK tampaknya diterapkan secara ketat di beberapa area, tetapi sangat santai dan tidak efektif di area lain.
  • Harga Sapi Potong untuk sapi lokal di Jawa Barat melemah akibat masuknya ternak dari Madura, Jawa Timur, dan Jawa Tengah. Diperkirakan bahwa pergerakan ini disebabkan oleh ternak yang terinfeksi atau dicurigai terinfeksi, dipindahkan secara ilegal ke lokasi yang dapat mencapai harga yang lebih baik. Ternak ini dibeli berdasarkan bobot karkas daripada bobot hidup, untuk memperhitungkan perjalanan yang panjang dan status kesehatan ternak.
  • Secara keseluruhan permintaan konsumen untuk daging sapi segar masih rendah dengan asumsi bahwa masyarakat masih sedikit tidak nyaman makan daging sapi selama wabah penyakit masih menyebar terlepas dari fakta bahwa produk daging tersebut aman untuk dikonsumsi manusia.
  • Kompensasi untuk ternak yang terinfeksi PMK adalah sekitar 50% dari nilainya, oleh karena itu terdapat laporan bahwa beberapa peternak dengan persediaan ternak yang terinfeksi tidak akan memberi tahu pihak berwenang dan menjual ternak yang terinfeksi atau dicurigai terinfeksi agar mendapat keuntungan finansial terbaik.
  • Klaim bahwa tidak ada kasus PMK baru di Bali mencerminkan kebijakan pemerintah daerah untuk menunjukkan wajah terbaik kepada pasar pariwisata global dan tamu G20 sebagai representasi fakta yang sebenarnya. PMK adalah penyakit paling menular kedua yang diketahui sains, jadi penyakit ini tidak akan hilang begitu saja dengan memulai program vaksinasi yang agresif dan berharap yang terbaik.
  • Jumlah total kurang dari 100.000 domba, kambing, dan babi telah divaksinasi.
  • Masih belum ada konfirmasi ilmiah tentang sumber asli wabah PMK.
  • Pemerintah Indonesia telah mempromosikan pengembangan teknologi tag telinga baru dengan kode QR pada tag yang dapat dipindai oleh ponsel pintar apa pun untuk menunjukkan status vaksinasi hewan tersebut. Teknologi inovatif ini juga memiliki banyak kegunaan potensial lainnya. Tag Telinga ini saat ini sedang diuji dalam proses uji coba lapangan sebelum rilis yang lebih luas.

Ini adalah tangkapan layar dari presentasi pemerintah tentang penggunaan tag telinga yang sedang dikembangkan untuk perekaman data PMK. Saya berasumsi sisi kanan adalah apa yang Anda lihat di ponsel pintar ketika Anda mengklik kode QR tag. Nama pemilik, nomor tag, jenis, tanggal, dan jumlah vaksinasi, jenis vaksin, lokasi, tanggal lahir, jenis kelamin, dan lainnya.Pemerintah Indonesia telah membuat situs web terbuka yang menyediakan data langsung tentang perkembangan wabah PMK.

Sapi Bakalan Steers Darwin harga telah meningkat tajam terutama menjelang akhir Agustus. Pada pertengahan Agustus, MLA LEPI (tarif sapi bakalan steers Darwin) adalah AUD $3.97. Pada akhir Agustus, harga telah naik menjadi AUD $4.20 per kg bobot hidup. Sekarang dengan banyaknya vaksin yang tersedia untuk melindungi sapi feeder pada saat kedatangan di Indonesia, saya memperkirakan akan terlihat peningkatan permintaan yang cepat dari importir Indonesia, yang akan memberikan tekanan lebih lanjut pada harga sapi feeder Australia. Peningkatan permintaan ini kemungkinan akan berlanjut selama 6 hingga 12 bulan setidaknya karena hewan tambahan akan diperlukan untuk menggantikan kekurangan produksi lokal karena kematian PMK dan penyembelihan darurat pada ternak lokal dengan ukuran besar. Hanya 7 kapal ternak yang meninggalkan Darwin selama Agustus dengan 4 kapal ke Indonesia membawa total 12.235 ekor dan masing-masing 1 ke Vietnam (2.059), Filipina (1.832), Brunei (796), dan Malaysia (1.202).

Harga Townsville pada akhir Agustus untuk sapi jantan besar dan sapi jantan yang cocok untuk Vietnam telah melemah secara signifikan dengan harga sapi jantan pada AUD $3.50 dan sapi besar pada AUD $3.75 yang seharusnya menarik bagi importir Vietnam (AUD $4.30 pada akhir Juli).

Vietnam : Sapi Potong Steers AUD $5.44 / kg (VND16,000 = AUD $1)

Tidak ada perubahan harga lagi pada Sapi Potong lokal bulan ini, dengan tingkat indikator tetap pada Dong 87.000 per kg bobot hidup. Harga daging sapi eceran baik di pasar tradisional maupun di supermarket juga sama dengan harga bulan lalu.

Selama bulan Agustus, Bank Dunia memperkirakan pemulihan ekonomi yang kuat untuk Vietnam didukung oleh manufaktur yang tangguh dan re-bound yang kuat di sektor jasa. Pertumbuhan PDB diperkirakan meningkat dari sekitar 2,6% pada tahun 2021 menjadi 7,5% pada tahun 2022 dengan inflasi diproyeksikan rata-rata rendah 3,8% untuk kalender 2022. Perkiraan yang menguntungkan ini dikombinasikan dengan penurunan tajam penyembelihan sapi jantan dan lembu di Townsville pada akhir bulan Agustus, dapat menyebabkan peningkatan yang kuat dalam pengiriman dari Queensland utara ke semua pelabuhan Vietnam.

Pemasaran online dan potongan harga yang agresif, ditargetkan sebagai fitur kuat dari perdagangan eceran dan grosir Vietnam dengan knuckle tampaknya menjadi bagian yang populer. Kata-kata di atas adalah terjemahan google dari situs Goodfood.Daging sapi hind quarter beef ini diiklankan secara online seharga Dong 250.000 per kg atau AUD $15.24 yang disebutkan berasal dari Australia, Rusia, Argentina, dan Kanada.China : Sapi Potong AUD $7.06 / kg bobot hidup (RMB 4.73 = AUD $1)

Harga Sapi Potong relatif stabil dengan tarif untuk Agustus hanya naik 0,4 Yuan menjadi Y33,4 per kg bobot hidup. Semua harga daging yang dicatat untuk laporan ini, termasuk daging sapi di pasar tradisional dan supermarket, daging ayam di pasar tradisional, dan daging babi di pasar tradisional, semuanya rata-rat naik selama bulan Agustus. Ini adalah pertama kalinya dalam ingatan saya bahwa semua harga telah naik bersama-sama dalam satu bulan di Beijing dan Shanghai.

China sedang berjuang dengan banyak masalah sulit saat ini termasuk lockdown Covid-19 yang sedang berlangsung, harga properti yang sangat tinggi, masalah perbankan, pembatasan daya, biaya bahan bakar yang tinggi, dan kekeringan ekstrim yang menyebabkan berkurangnya pembangkit listrik tenaga air, kekurangan air, kegagalan panen, dan pengiriman jalur sungai tertunda.

Angka produksi listrik China (TWh/tahun) membuat setiap negara lain termasuk Amerika Serikat terlihat kecil dan mewakili lebih dari seperempat dari semua produksi listrik global.

Dari buletin Lyn Alden Agustus.Tidak hanya pembangkit listrik tenaga air yang membutuhkan banyak air, tetapi juga pembangkit batubara, pembangkit nuklir, dan fasilitas gas semuanya menggunakan air untuk pendinginan dan/atau pembakaran. Pembangkit listrik adalah kasus penggunaan air terbesar kedua secara global, setelah pertanian. Kekeringan yang mempengaruhi China juga memiliki dampak negatif yang sangat besar di Amerika Utara dan Eropa.

Filipina : Sapi Potong AUD $3.28 / kg (Peso 39.0 = AUD $1)

Tidak ada perubahan lagi dalam tarif pemotongan untuk 8 bulan berturut-turut dengan indikator tarif tetap pada Peso 128 per kg bobot hidup. Reporter saya di Filipina memberi tahu bahwa tidak melihat adanya perubahan signifikan sejak Presiden baru menjabat, selain cuaca yang baik, panen yang baik dan tidak ada kerusakan akibat bencana alam, telah membuat konsumen Filipina memiliki uang untuk dibelanjakan sementara harga pangan tetap relatif stabil. Umumnya hari-hari bahagia, dengan pengecualian harga bensin yang tinggi sekitar 72 peso per liter pada akhir Agustus (Mindanao).

Thailand : Sapi Potong Steers AUD $4.00 / kg (Baht 25 = AUD $1)

Tarif Sapi Potong di Thailand masih relatif rendah dan statis dengan tarif indikator masih 100 Baht per kg bobot hidup selama Agustus.

Daging sapi di Dubai dan Skotlandia.

Saya melewati Dubai lagi dalam perjalanan kembali dari acara pernikahan di Skotlandia. Kali ini saya mengunjungi pasar tradisional tepi laut yang besar di Deira. Ini adalah pasar tradisional paling mengesankan yang pernah saya lihat dengan bangunan besar yang menampung pasar terpisah untuk daging, unggas, ikan, serta buah dan sayuran. Semua area yang kemungkinan bisa membusuk dilengkapi dengan ruangan ber-AC dengan meja pajangan yang dirancang dengan baik dan lemari pendingin untuk memudahkan pembersihan dan penyajian yang sangat baik dari berbagai macam produk. Pasar ini menawarkan produk daging akhir yang lebih murah dari berbagai sumber, dengan fokus utama pada jeroan.

Ketika terlalu banyak jeroan tidak pernah cukup!! Kepala, tengkorak, otak, testis, kaki, ginjal, hati, lidah, jantung, dan masih banyak lagi. Sebagian besar dijual seharga 15 Dirham Emirat atau AUD $6 per kg.Daging kerbau beku India 20 Dirham per kg (AUD $8) dan daging sapi Pakistan seharga 25 Dirham (AUD $10) per kg. Kebanyakan kios memiliki bendera kecil yang menunjukkan asal produk mereka. Ini termasuk Australia, Selandia Baru, Pakistan, India, Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, dan produk lokal dari UEA termasuk daging dan jeroan unta.Domba ekor gemuk adalah penamaan yang bagus. Benjolan besar lemak bagian ekor juga dijual terpisah.Pasar ikan di kompleks pasar tepi laut yang sama, jauh lebih besar daripada area daging dengan meja penjualan baja tahan karat yang dirancang dengan baik. Ruang besar ini sepenuhnya ber-AC dan dibersihkan dengan cermat setiap hari. Semua produk disajikan di atas lapisan es yang tebal.Seperti inilah kekeringan di Skotlandia pada pertengahan Agustus = akhir musim panas.Daging sapi bermerek Belted Galloway disajikan dengan indah di Kilnford Farm Shop dan Farmhouse Kitchen Cafe Jock Rome di luar Dumfries, Skotlandia.Harga Galloway Topside ini di GBP 16.95 dikonversi menjadi AUD $28.72 per kg.Ini adalah saya yang memakai kilt dengan Neil Gourlay, ayah dari pengantin pria di pernikahan putra Harry dan Jess Burns (Sydney, Australia) di Auchencheyne Farm dekat Dumfries, Skotlandia. Saya bertemu Neil ketika dia sedang melatih kuda untuk penjualan kuda tahunan di stasiun Killarney, Northern Territory pada tahun 1981. Dia melanjutkan dengan melakukan bantail muster (mengumpulkan sapi untuk dihitung jumlahnya) untuk Charlie Henderson dan Gus Trippe ketika mereka menjual stasiun Montejinnie ke perusahaan sapi Desa milik pemerintah Sabah pada tahun 1982 sebelum kembali ke rumah untuk mengambil alih lahan pertanian keluarga.Angka-angka pada tabel ini dikonversi ke AUD$ dari kurs masing-masing negara yang berubah setiap harinya, sehingga harga aktualnya sedikit berbeda oleh fluktuasi nilai tukar mata uang asing yang terus berubah. Harga dalam AUD$ yang disajikan di bawah ini hendaknya dilihat sebagai sebuah tren, bukannya harga persis masing-masingnya. Bila memungkinkan, daging potong yang digunakan untuk penentuan harga di pasar tradisional dan di supermarket adalah bagian knuckle/round atau yang biasa disebut daging kelapa.

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